"Bilaspur" is a city in Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh in the Indian States and territories of India of Chhattisgarh . Bilaspur is the administrative headquarters of Bilaspur District and Bilaspur Division. The Chhattisgarh High Court, located at Bodri, District Bilaspur has privileged it with the title 'Nyayadhani' (Law Capital) of the state. This city is the commercial center and business hub of North East Chhattisgarh region. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South East Central Railway Zone (India) and the Bilaspur Railway Division. Bilaspur is 3rd cleanest and 4th longest railway station in India. Bilaspur is also the headquarters of South Eastern Coalfields Limited.NTPC, Sipat is near Bilaspur too.
Bilaspur is known for its aromatic rice variety named Doobraj rice, loom woven colourful soft Kosa silk saris. Basic Tasar Silkworm Seed Organisation (BTSSO) under the Central Silk Board, Government of India collects, executes the production and supply of nucleus and basic Tasar seed from surrounding areas.
Bilaspur has been selected as one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission.
Historically, Bilaspur was controlled by the Kalachuris of Ratnapura of Ratanpur. The city, however, came into prominence around 1741, the year of the Maratha Empire rule, when a Maratha official took up his abode there.
The management of Bilaspur district was taken over by the British East India Company in 1818 after Bhosale lost territory in Third Anglo-Maratha War. Under Bhosale of the Nagpur kingdom there were many subedars
zamindars/landlords like Akbar Khan, Vazeer Khan, Sao and others in Bilaspur.
Bilaspur district was constituted in 1861, followed by Bilaspur municipality in 1867. Famines in the Bilaspur district were recorded by the British administration in 1828-9, 1834-5, 1845-6, 1868-9 and 1899-1900. In 1868-9 and 1899-1900, the rains failed almost completely, resulting in severe distress, migration and desertion of villages. After the 1868-9 famine there was prosperity for the next 25 years; but in 1895 there was a very poor harvest, followed in 1896 by a complete failure of crops, and severe famine continued throughout 1897. In that year the mortality rate was as high as one in six people. The famine of 1897 was followed by two favorable years; but in 1899 the monsoon failed completely and the rice crop was wholly destroyed.
Satguru Ghasidas (1756-1836) started a religious movement, Satnamis (meaning the worshippers of Satnam), between 1820 and 1830 primarily around the Sonakhan forests. This religious movement preached against idol-worship, and instead stressed that God is synonymous with truth. His community was a farming community, though in the Hindu caste hierarchy they would be placed in the Schedule caste. The university at Bilaspur is named after him as Guru Ghasidas University.
Railways arrived at Bilaspur in the decade 1880-90, with the arrival of the Bengal Nagpur Railway. In 1888 Mistri Jagmal Gangji and other Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways#1880-1890 laid the first railway tracks from Rajnandgaon to Bilaspur, and in that same year fellow Kutchi people contractor Khoda Ramji Chawda and others built the line from Bilaspur to Jharsuguda, including the bridge over the Champa river.
In 1890, the present railway station and yard were constructed by the Gujarati railway contractor Jagmal Gangji. His son Mulji Jagmal Sawaria was later given the title of "Rao Sahib" by the British for his contribution to the development of the town, railways and the district. Jagmal Block and Jagmal Chowk in the city are named after Jagmal Gangji Sawaria.
In 1901, the population of Bilaspur was 18,937 and it was the eighth-largest town in the Central Provinces of British India. In 1908, weaving of tasar silk and cotton clothes were recorded as the major industries of Bilaspur.
Bilaspur enjoys the distinctiveness of being one of the major cities in Chhattisgarh with considerable historical significance. Located in the eastern part of Chhattisgarh, Bilaspur is nearly four centuries old. Referred to as the "Rice Bowl of India", Bilaspur abounds in lush greenery and boasts of a myriad number of tourist attractions. If the historical records are to be given any credence, then there is no reason to disbelieve the fact that Bilaspur owes its name to a fisherwoman, Bilasa in the 17th century. Bilaspur during that time and for many more years to come remained a fishing hamlet consisting of a few fishermen's huts. According to the census conducted in 1901, the total population of Bilaspur was somewhere around 18,937 and it was considered the 8th largest town in the Central Provinces of British India. One interesting fact that one comes across while flipping through pages of history is that even as early as in 1908, Bilaspur had already made a mark as home to the major tasar silk and cotton clothes manufacturers.
Bilaspur is located at . It has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 ft).
Bilaspur is situated on the banks of the rain-fed Arpa River, which originates from the high hills of the Maikal Hills Range of central India. This Dolomite (mineral) rich region is surrounded by lush green forests in the north and the Coal mining of the Hasdeo valley in the east. Arpa river passes from the center of city in which river view area is built with an aim to attract peoples to spend times.
Bilaspur District is surrounded by Koria District in the north, Anuppur District of Madhya Pradesh, Mungeli and kabirdham District in the west, Baloda Bazar district District in the south and Korba, Chhattisgarh and Janjgir-Champa District in the east.
Major metro cities around Bilaspur are:, Raipur in South-West, Nagpur in West, Jabalpur in North-West, Bhilai in South-West, Varanasi in North, Asansol, Jamshedpur and Ranchi in North-East, Hyderabad in South,Kolkata in East,Cuttack & Bhubaneswar in East
The climate is pleasant and mild in the winter (minimum temperature 10 °C, 50 °F). There are medium rains in the monsoon season. The summers are very hot and dry, with maximum temperature 45+ °C, 113 °F.
India census, Bilaspur Municipal Corp had a population of 365,579. Bilaspur urban area population was estimated at 452,851. In August 2019, adjacent 18 towns and suburban areas were included in the Bilaspur Municipal Corporation does increase the area and population of the city. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bilaspur has an average literacy rate of 91.29%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 92.94% and female literacy of 88.33%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
According to the 2011 census of India, Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh has a Demographics of India of 2,662,077, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait
the US state of Nevada. This ranks it 152nd in India (out of a total of Districts of India). Home to a variety of wildlife, the sanctuary is spread over an area of 551 km2 (213 mi2) and was set up in 1975 under the Wildlife Protection Act. The sanctuary is 55 km (34 mi) away from Bilaspur and is closed during the monsoon season.
Just before entry into Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, is the Ghongapani Jalashya (dam). Although there is no place to stay, it can be visited in the daytime on the way to Achanakmar.
Beyond the sanctuary, on the way to Amarkantak, there are government guest houses in Achanakmar, Keonchi and Lamni. These guest houses can be booked with governmental officials in the district headquarters. These guest houses are well built and the arrangements are also good.
The forest guest house at Lamni was built by the then British Officials. It is 1850 feet above sea level. It was built in June 1913 at the cost of Rs.3055.8 paise and 5 anas.
Within the sanctuary the presence of guar (Indian bison) and tigers are very much in evidence, as reported by the multiple sightings by the visitors. Other animals include the leopard, chital, panthera, striped hyena, canis, sloth bear, dhole, sambar deer, nilgai, four-horned antelope and chinkara, which populate the sanctuary in equal numbers.
Trips to the sanctuary can be organized via private taxi operators., Khutaghat: Located 55 km (34 mi) away is Khutaghat, where there is a dam and reservoir and it is possible to stay in the prebooked Irrigation Department., The Khudia Dam, is 75 km (47 mi) away from the city.
Bilaspur is famous for Doobraj rice, fara, chila, rice roll, gulgula bhajiya, angakar roti, thetri-khurmi, arsaa, tamatar fatka(tomato chutney), different types of bhajis(leafy vegetables) etc.
Bilaspur has developed as a centre of education for Chhattisgarh with students from all over the state coming to Bilaspur to study engineering, Medicine and Administration (business) officers' competitive exams. Along with the older schools, which provided excellent education, many new schools make Bilaspur the center for excellent school education, too. As of 2012 Bilaspur has 5 universities. Bilaspur has following educational institutions:
The following electronic media channels deliver local news 24*7:, Chhattisgarh Cable Networks (CCN), Grand Gumber Channel, Siti News Channel, Abhi Tak(CCN owned News Channel), Z 24 Ghante - Chhattisgarh Bilaspur Buero, E TV M.P. CG. Bilaspur Buereu, Sahara TV M.P. CG. Bilaspur Buereu, P7 /Pearls News M.P. C.G. Bilaspur, Aaj Tak, Bilaspur Buereu, India TV, Bilaspur Buereu
Bilaspur is the center of electric power generation in India. Bilaspur and the surrounding area generate 10,000 MW of electricity, and an additional 50,000 MW are planned in the next few years. As many as 22 companies are interested to tap an estimated power generation potential of 50,000 megawatts in the region. The railways have gotten a major boost with big energy sector players set to invest Rs.5,000 crore in three proposed railways corridors around Bilaspur. Chhattisgarh is also known as "The Rice Bowl" - ''Dhan ka katora''. Bilaspur is the centre of agri products. There are approx. 500 rice and dall mills in the surrounding area.Bilaspur (South East Central Railway) is the highest revenue generating railway zone in India among 17 zones. The Bilaspur railways zone comprises the divisions of Bilaspur, Nagpur and Raipur. South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL), a subsidiary of Public Sector Unit Coal India Limited (CIL) - A Maharatna Company, is situated with headquarters at Bilaspur. SECL is a Miniratna PSU under the Ministry of Coal, with several awards in its credentials including best PSU award in 1997-98. An integrated action plan for development of civic infrastructure, including hi-tech water purifier system, proper drainage facilities and cleanliness, is being planned by the state government for cities and towns, while the proposed 'Arpa Project' would give a new life to the city of Bilaspur, minister for urban administration and health Amar Agrawal said in an interview to the ''Times of India'', a leading newspaper of India. The State Government has drawn up an ambitious plan of Rs2,000 crore to develop the Arpa river bank in Bilaspur district during the next seven years. For this, the Government has constituted a ‘Special Area Development Authority’ (SADA) for the development of the Arpa river bank near Bilaspur city.
The Government has invited proposals from interested national and international institutions for the development of the river bank on a PPP model. The Authority has prepared a project for the development of the river and is now in search of organisations that would be interested in developing the river on a Public Private Partnership (PPP).
According to SADA, about 653 hectares of area on the banks of the river would be developed. This area is 13.4 km in length. Commercial, residential, entertainment and other institutional facilities would be developed in this area. On both the sides of the river, 13.4-km-long retaining wall, houses and commercial complexes would be constructed, besides bridge, roads and walkways. Water supply, sewerage, drainage, electricity supply would be provided in the area.
The estimated cost of all the works is Rs2,000 crore. The development works would be taken up in phases during the next seven years.
Of the total 653-hectare area, some of the land is owned privately. In lieu of acquisition of private land, the affected people would be given land at other areas. After development about 267 hectares of land will be made available for sale. By selling this land, the developer could recover the invested amount. The downtown is called Gol Bazaar (Circular Market). Gol Bazaar, Sadar Bazaar and company Garden Chowk are buzzing and vibrant but overcrowded with slow-moving traffic. In contrast there are some newly developed areas as well. The Vyapar Vihar is a newly developed commercial and goods transport area. Bilaspur has Chhattisgarh's first hi-tech bus stand at Bodri.
It has the High Court of Chhattisgarh which is Asia's largest court (in area)., Industries: Around Bilaspur, there are many industrial areas, including Tifra, Sirgitti and Silpahri Industrial Growth Centres. Sirgitti, Silpahri and Tifra around Bilapur are major industrial areas near Bilaspur. Located on the outskirts of Bilaspur city Sirgitti Industrial Centre is spread over an area of approx. 338 hectares. With about 324 industries it provides direct employment to 4431 persons. Silpahari Industrial Centre is another industrial area near Bilaspur and is home to many sponge iron industries. Tifra Industrial Area situated on the outskirts of Bilaspur city is spread over an area of approx. 65 hectares. Many chemical, PVC footwear, HDPE woven sacks, polythene bags and sheets, soft drinks and other units are located here. CSIDC
Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation Limited is responsible for the development of maintenance of all these industrial areas in and around Bilaspur. Chhattisgarh Laghu Evam Sahayak Udyog Sangh
CLSUS is an association of industries which represents all major industries of Bilaspur and Chhattisgarh. BEC Fertilizers - a unit of Bhilai Engineering Corporation is situated in the Sirgitti Industrial Area., Power plants - Bilaspur has India's second largest power plant of NTPC Limited at Sipat which generates power of 2980 MW with 3 units of 660 MW each and 1 unit of 1000 MW. Many thermal power plants are coming up in the surrounding area of Bilaspur. Also notable are Nova, KSK, Gitanjali, Mahanadi etc., Shopping mall(s) - City Mall-36 (near Mangla Chowk) and Rama Magneto Mall (Srikant Verma Marg) and Big Bazaar at Rao Trade Center have opened here, providing ultra modern shopping facilities and movie multiplexes, and upcoming malls with City Center Mall, Rama Port and Rama Orchid Mall, which will be opened around 2014., Multiplex - Glitz at City Mall 36 and PVR Cinemas at Rama Magneto Mall are the only good cinema halls. INOX Leisure Limited might be coming soon., Legal: The day the state of Chhattisgarh was constituted (1 November 2000) with its capital at Raipur, the High Court of Chhattisgarh was established at Bilaspur. It is the 19th high court of India., Banks: All major Indian banks have branches and ATMs in the city. SBI have approx. 80 ATMs in the city as of 2013., Website: A website dedicated to provide information on Bilaspur is maintained by NIC., A new Indoor stadium is under construction at Behtarai Road.
The census has been taken from Hari Bhoomi Bilaspur Bhaskar Edition dated 23/12/2013.