"Vadodara Junction railway station" (formerly "Baroda City Junction", station code: "BRC") is the main railway station in the Indian city of Vadodara, Gujarat. It is the ninth busiest railway station in India in terms of frequency of trains after Kanpur Central railway station, Vijayawada Junction railway station, Delhi Junction railway station, New Delhi railway station, Ambala Cantonment Junction railway station, Howrah Junction railway station, Patna Junction railway station and Asansol Junction railway station and busiest in Gujarat state and as well as a major stop on the western railway zone of Indian railways. Around 170 trains starts, ends,
passes through the station daily.
The station was built in 1861 for the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway company by then Gaekwad ruler Maharaja Khanderao. The existing building was newly constructed by Indian Railways in 1954 by demolishing the original smaller station. The station celebrated 150 years of establishment on 9January 2010.
It is a fairly large station with 7 platforms on the main line with over 250 trains halting. There are 2 foot over bridge (FOB) connecting platform 1 to 6. Platform 2, 3 and 6 has sliding ramps and platform 1 has escalators. There are two exits. One via Platform 1 that opens towards the old city (as well as Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda and Vadodara bus station) while the other end is towards platform 6 (that open towards the new city- Alkapuri side). Platform 6 is the longest with 704m length. A Pay & Use Tiolet facility is available at Platform 6.
Platform 1 has waiting room and retiring rooms as well as a refreshment canteen. Several ATM are located just outside platform 1. Platform 7 is ahead of platform 1 and acts as a terminus for some passenger and MEMU trains and facilitates reversing of some trains including the Shanti Express and the Gujarat Sampark Kranti Express, which use the Vadodara Delhi line as well as the Vadodara Ahmedabad line.
The station serves three lines: the direct line between Ahmedabad railway station and Mumbai; Vadodara and Chhota Udaipur and the Delhi line via Ratlam, Kota Junction and Mathura. Trains going towards the northern region use the Ratlam line while all other trains use the Ahmedabad-Mumbai line, such as the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express, Delhi Sarai Rohilla Bandra Terminus Garib Rath Express, Gujarat Mail, Karnavati Express, Suryanagri Express and Ranakpur Express. The prestigious Mumbai Rajdhani Express, August Kranti Rajdhani Express, Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express, Golden Temple Mail and Avantika Express amongst others also halt at this station.
The Railway Staff College is the ''alma mater'' for Officers of Indian Railways. It is situated in a sprawling campus of of garden and wooded land in the Pratap Vilas Palace (built in 1914) at Lalbaug, Vadodara. It provides training to all levels of Indian railway officers, from probationers to general managers.
The college was founded in 1930 at Dehradun railway station and then shifted to its present sylvan surroundings at Vadodara in 1952. Pratap Vilas Palace is surrounded by lush green lawns and was designed by C.F. Stevens in the renaissance style. The property was purchased from the Gaekwad dynastys, the erstwhile rulers of Vadodara and is home to peacocks and migratory birds.
Electric Loco Shed, Vadodara has one of the largest electric loco sheds in the Western Railway zone. The shed houses more than 130 locomotives, which include WAP-4, Indian locomotive class WAP-5, WAP-7, WAM-4(now condemned
withdrawn) and WAG-5 locomotives. Additionally it had an AC electric trip shed to house locos coming from other sheds and an AC/DC dual loco trip shed which houses WCAM Class locomotives from Valsad shed and which allows locomotive changes at Vadodara because the trains which were coming from New Delhi mainline are AC Locomotives and the trains going to Mumbai need AC/DC Loco. Until 2011, Mumbai was under DC supply from before Borivali railway station when the Western Railway zone in Mumbai changed over to the AC system in February 2012, WCAM locos have been transferred to the Kalyan railway station shed.
It also has a MEMU car shed which houses the Mainline Electric Multiple units which provides feeder services to Ahmedabad railway station, Surat railway station, Dahod and Godhra.
The following major trains start from Vadodara Junction Railway Station:, 22929/30 Bhilad - Vadodara Superfast Express, 19035/36 Vadodara Ahmedabad Intercity Express, 12927/28 Vadodara Express, 20903/04 Vadodara - Varanasi Mahamana Express, 20905/06 Vadodara - Rewa Mahamana Express