R Railway Station
FZR (00:20)DURG (06:30) 23hr 40mins
SNSI (00:45)PURI (11:00) 34hr 15mins
ANDI (01:00)VZM (08:30) 23hr 0mins
DURG (07:10)FZR (11:50) 16hr 50mins
VZM (07:30)ANDI (14:00) 16hr 30mins
PURI (12:00)SNSI (20:00) 32hr 0mins
ITR (12:00)TATA (05:00) 12hr 0mins
R (12:15)BSP (14:20) 2hr 5mins
LTT (13:20)TATA (14:20) 10hr 40mins
BSP (15:00)R (17:00) 2hr 0mins
DURG (16:15)PNBE (11:45) 7hr 45mins
R (18:05)KRBA (22:00) 3hr 55mins
DURG (18:30)VSKP (12:00) 5hr 30mins
TIG (19:30)R (00:30) 4hr 30mins
VSKP (21:45)DURG (13:20) 2hr 15mins
SHM (21:45)CSMT (09:25) 26hr 15mins
TATA (21:55)LTT (23:45) 2hr 5mins
CSMT (23:55)SHM (11:35) 24hr 5mins
The earliest archaeological evidence from old sites and ruins of fort indicate the existence of Raipur since the 9th century. However, there are enough literary evidences which define the history of Raipur since the time of the Mauryan Empire. Raipur district was once part of Southern Kosal and considered to be under the Mouryan Empire. Raipur had later been the capital of the Haihaya Kings, controlling the traditional forts of Chhattisgarh for a long time. Satawahana Kings ruled this part till the 2nd-3rd century AD. Samudragupta had conquered this region in the fourth century, but the region came under the sway of Sarabhpuri Kings and then Nala Kings in 5th and 6th centuries. Later on Somavanshi kings had taken the control over this region and ruled with Sirpur as their capital city. The Kalchuri Kings of Tumman ruled this part for a long time making Ratanpur as capital. It is believed that the King Ramachandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom.
Another story about Raipur is that King Ramachandra's son Brahmdeo Rai had established Raipur. His capital was Khalwatika (now Khallari). The newly constructed city was named after Brahmdeo Rai as ‘Raipur’. It was during his time in 1402 A.D. that the temple of Hatkeshwar Mahadev was constructed on the banks of the river Kharun which still remains one of the oldest landmarks in Raipur. After the death of king Amarsingh Deo, this region had become the domain of Bhonsle Kings of Nagpur.With the death of Raghuji the III, the territory was assumed by the British government from Bhonsle's and Chhattisgarh was declared a separate Commission with its headquarters at Raipur in 1854. After independence, Raipur district was included in the Central Provinces and Berar. Raipur district became a part of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956 and subsequently became a part of Chhattisgarh on 1 November 2000 with Raipur becoming the capital of the new state.
2011 census of India, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 124,471 children are in the age group of 0-6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0-6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April-May sometimes rises above . These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C.The city receives about of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to making it reasonably cold.
Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.
Swami Vivekananda Airport
Mana Airport is primary airport serving the state of Chhattisgarh. The airport is located, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Raipur near Naya Raipur.
There are 3 prominent Industrial Areas operational near Raipur which have been set Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation:, Bhanpuri-Rawabhata Industrial Area, Siltara Industrial Area, Urla Industrial Area
Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhattisgarh due to the presence of many institutes of national importance in engineering, management, medical and law. It is the only city in India which is home to Indian Institute of Management Raipur, National Institute of Technology Raipur, AIIMS Raipur, Hidayatullah National Law University, and International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur.
,Indian Institute of Management Raipur,Hidayatullah National Law University,National Institute of Technology Raipur,All India Institute of Medical Sciences Raipur,International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur,National Institute of Malaria Research
,Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University,Indira Gandhi Agricultural University,Kushabhau Thakre Patrakarita Avam Jansanchar University,Ayush & Health Sciences University Chhattisgarh,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya,Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai
,Amity University, Raipur,ITM University, Raipur,MATS University, Raipur,ICFAI University, Raipur,Kalinga University, Raipur
,Government Engineering College Raipur,Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Raipur (RCET, Raipur),Rungta Group Of Institutions,Raipur Institute of Technology,Disha Institute of Management and Technology, Raipur,Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Professional Management and Technology, Raipur (SSIPMT),Pragati College of Engineering and Management, Raipur
, Holy Cross Senior Secondary School Kapa, Rajkumar College, Raipur, established 1882, Ryan International School, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
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