MYS Railway Station
MYS (05:30)SNSI (11:30) 30hr 0mins
MYS (06:00)TLGP (13:15) 7hr 15mins
TLGP (15:00)MYS (22:15) 7hr 15mins
CAN (17:00)SBC (08:00) 15hr 0mins
MYS (22:20)YNK (01:30) 1hr 40mins
MYS (22:30)DWR (08:05) 9hr 35mins
MYS (22:55)RU (08:25) 9hr 30mins
"Mysore" (), officially "Mysuru", is a city in the southern part of the state of Karnataka, India. Mysore city is geographically located between 12° 18′ 26″ north latitude and 76° 38′ 59″ east longitude. It is located at an altitude of .
Mysore is located in the foothills of the Chamundi Hills about towards the southwest of Bangalore and spread across an area of . Mysore City Corporation is responsible for the civic administration of the city, which is also the headquarters of the Mysore district and the Mysore division.
It served as the Capital city city of the Kingdom of Mysore for nearly six centuries from 1399 until 1956. The Kingdom was ruled by the Wadiyar dynasty, with a brief period of interregnum in the 1760s and 70s when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were in power. The Wadiyars were patrons of art and culture and contributed significantly to the cultural and economic growth of the city and the state. The cultural ambiance and achievements of Mysore earned it the sobriquet ''Culture of Mysore''.
Mysore is noted for its List of Heritage Buildings in Mysore and palaces, including the Mysore Palace, and for the festivities that take place during the ''Mysore Dasara'' festival when the city receives many tourists from around the world. It lends its name to various art forms and culture, such as Mysore Dasara, Mysore painting; the sweet dish Mysore Pak, Mysore ''Masala Dosa''; brands such as Mysore Sandal Soap, Mysore Paints and Varnish Limited; and styles and cosmetics such as Mysore Peta (a traditional silk turban) and the Mysore silk ''sarees''. Mysore is also known for its special variety of Jasmine in Karnataka flower fondly referred as "Mysore Mallige" and betel leaves.Tourism is the major industry alongside the traditional industries. Mysore's inter-city public transportation includes rail, bus and flights.
The name ''Mysore'' is an anglicised version of ''Mahishūru'', He was killed by the Goddess Chamunda, whose temple is situated atop the Chamundi Hills, after whom it is named. "'Mahishapura"' later became ''Mahisūru'' (a name which, even now, the royal family uses), and finally came to be anglicised as ''Mysore'' by the British and Maisūru/Mysuru in the vernacular Kannada language.
In December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced its intention to change the English name of the city to ''Mysuru''. This was approved by the Government of India in October 2014 and Mysore was renamed (along with twelve other cities) to "Mysuru" on 1 November 2014.
The site where Mysore Palace now stands was occupied by a village named Puragere at the beginning of the 16th century. who passed on the dominion of ''Puragere'' to his son Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572-1576). Since the 16th century, the name of ''Mahishūru'' has commonly been used to denote the city. The Mysore Kingdom, governed by the Wodeyar family, initially served as a feudalism of the Vijayanagara Empire. With the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire after the Battle of Talikota in 1565, the Mysore Kingdom gradually achieved independence, and by the time of King Kanthirava Narasaraja I (1637) it had become a sovereign state. Srirangapatna (modern-day Srirangapatna), near Mysore, was the capital of the kingdom from 1610. With the establishment of the City Improvement Trust Board (CITB) in 1903, Mysore became one of the first cities in Asia to undertake planned development of the city. Public demonstrations and meetings were held there during the Quit India movement and other phases of the Indian independence movement.
After Indian Independence, Mysore city remained as part of the Mysore State, now known as Karnataka. Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar, then king of Mysore, was allowed to retain his titles and was nominated as the ''Rajapramukh'' (appointed governor) of the state. He died in September 1974 and was cremated in Mysore city. Over the years, Mysore became well known as a centre for tourism; the city remained largely peaceful, except for occasional riots related to the Kaveri River Water Dispute.
"200px">File:Gagana chumbi Double Road, Mysore.jpg|Street Mural in MysoreFile:Mysore (Baedeker, 1914).jpg|Map of Mysore and nearby Srirangapatna, c. 1914
Mysore is located at and has an average altitude of . It is spread across an area of at the base of the Chamundi Hills in the southern region of Karnataka. Mysore is the southern-most city of Karnataka and is a neighbouring city of the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, flanked by the state cities Mercara, Chamarajanagara, and Mandya. People in and around Mysore extensively use Kannada language as a medium of language. Mysore has several lakes, such as the Kukkarahalli lake, the Karanji Lake, and the Lingambudhi Lake lakes. Mysore has The Biggest 'Walk-Through Aviary' called Karanji Lake in India. In 2001, total land area usage in Mysore city was 39.9% residential, 16.1% roads, 13.74% parks and open spaces, 13.48% industrial, 8.96% public property, 3.02% commercial, 2.27% agriculture and 2.02 water. The city is located between two rivers: the Kaveri River that flows through the north of the city and the Kabini River, a tributary of the Kaveri, that lies to the south.
Mysore has a tropical savanna climate (''Aw'') bordering on a hot semi-arid climate (''BSh'') under the Köppen climate classification. The main seasons are Summer from March to June, the monsoon season from July to November and winter from December to February. The city's average annual rainfall is .
The civic administration of the city is managed by the Mysore City Corporation, which was established as a municipality in 1888 and converted into a corporation in 1977. Overseeing engineering works, health, sanitation, water supply, administration and taxation, the corporation is headed by a Mayor, who is assisted by commissioners and council members. The council members, in turn, elect the mayor. The annual budget of the Corporation for the year 2011-2012 was . Among 63 cities covered under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Mysore City Corporation was adjudged the second best city municipal corporation and was given the ''"Nagara Ratna"'' award in 2011.
Urban growth and expansion is managed by the Mysore Urban Development Authority (MUDA), which is headed by a commissioner. Its activities include developing new layouts and roads, town planning and land acquisition. One of the major projects undertaken by MUDA is the creation of an Outer Ring Road to ease traffic congestion. Citizens of Mysuru have criticised MUDA for its inability to prevent Mafia Raj#Land Mafias and ensure lawful distribution of housing lands among city residents. The CESCOM is responsible for electric supply to the city.
Drinking water for Mysore is sourced from the Kaveri and Kabini rivers. As of 2011, Mysore gets 42.5 million gallons of water per day. Mysore sometimes faces water crises, mainly during the summer months (March-June) and in years of low rainfall. The city has had an underground drainage system since 1904. The entire sewage from the city drains into four valleys: Kesare, Malalavadi, Dalavai and Belavatha.
As of 2011, Mysuru city had an estimated population of 887,446 consisting of 443,813 males and 443,633 females, making it the third most populous city in Karnataka. Mysore is estimated to have crossed 1 million in 2017 making it a Metropolis. The gender ratio of the city is 1000 females to every 1000 males and the population density is . According to the census of 2001, 73.65% of the city population are Hindus, 21.92% are Muslims, 2.71% are Christians, 1.13% are Jains and the remainder belong to other religions. The population exceeded 100,000 in the census of 1931 and grew by 20.5 per cent in the decade 1991-2001. As of 2011, the literacy rate of the city is 86.84 per cent, which is higher than the state's average of 75.6 per cent.Kannada is the most widely spoken language in the city. Approximately 19% of the population live below the poverty line, and 9% live in slums. According to the 2001 census, 35.75% of the population in the urban areas of Karnataka are workers, but only 33.3% of the population of Mysore are. Members of Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes constitute 15.1% of the population.
The residents of the city are known as ''Mysoreans'' in English language and ''Mysoorinavaru'' in Kannada. The dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over the sharing of Kaveri river water often leads to minor altercations and demonstrations in the city. Growth in the information technology industry in Mysore has led to a change in the city's demographic profile; likely strains on the infrastructure and haphazard growth of the city resulting from the demographic change have been a cause of concern for some of its citizens.
Tourism is the major industry in Mysore. The city attracted about 3.15 million tourists in 2010. Mysore has traditionally been home to industries such as weaving, sandalwood carving, bronze work and the production of lime and salt. The planned industrial growth of the city and the state was first envisaged at the ''Mysore economic conference'' in 1911. This led to the establishment of industries such as the Mysore Sandalwood Oil Factory in 1917 and the Sri Krishnarajendra Mills in 1920.
For the industrial development of the city, the Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB) has established four industrial areas in and around Mysore, in the Belagola, Belawadi, Hebbal and Hootagalli areas. One of the major industrial in the proximity of Mysore is Nanjangud which will be Satellite town to Mysore. Nanjangud industrial area hosts a number of industries like AT&S India Pvt Ltd, Nestle India ltd, Reid and Taylor, Jubiliant, TVS, Asian Paints. Nanjangud Industrial area also boasts being 2nd highest VAT / Sales Taxpayer which is about 400+ crores after Peenya which is in state capital Bangalore. JK Tyre has its manufacturing facility in Mysore.
Mysore also hosts many central government organizations like CFTRI, DFRL, CIPET, BEML, RPM ( Rare Material Project ), RBI Note printing Press and RBI Paper Printing Press.
The major software companies in Mysore are Infosys, ArisGlobal, Larsen & Toubro Infotech, Excelsoft Technologies and Triveni Engineering. The growth of the information technology industry in the first decade of the 21st century has resulted in the city emerging as the second largest software exporter in Karnataka (as of 2007), next to Bangalore.
Before the advent of the European system of education in Mysore, ''agraharas'' (Brahmin Quarter (country subdivision)s) provided Vedas education to Hindus, and ''madrasas'' provided schooling for Muslims. Maharaja's College was founded in 1864. A high school exclusively for girls was established in 1881 and was later renamed ''Maharani's Women's College''. The ''Industrial School'', the first institute for technical education in the city, was established in 1892; this was followed by the Chamarajendra Academy of Visual Arts in 1913. On the ninth day of ''Dasara'', called ''Mahanavami'', the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants, camels and horses. The main palace of Mysore was burned down in 1897, and the present-day structure was built on the same site. Amba Vilas palace exhibits an Indo-Saracenic style of architecture on the outside, but a distinctly Hoysala architecture in the interior.
The Mysore painting style is an offshoot of the Vijayanagara Empire school of painting, and King Raja Wodeyar (1578-1617 CE) is credited with having been its patron. The distinctive feature of these paintings is the ''gesso'' work, to which gold foil is applied. The city lends its name to the Mysore silk saree, a women's garment made with pure silk and gold ''zari'' (thread). ''Mysore Peta'', the traditional indigenous turban worn by the erstwhile rulers of Mysore, is worn by men in some traditional ceremonies. A notable local dessert that traces its history to the kitchen in the Mysore palace is ''Mysore pak''.
Mysore is the location of the International Ganjifa Research Centre, which researches the ancient card game ''Ganjifa'' and the art associated with it. The Chamarajendra Academy of Visual Arts (CAVA) offers education in visual art forms such as painting, graphics, sculpture, applied art, photography, photojournalism and art history. The Rangayana repertory company performs plays and offers certificate courses in subjects related to theatre. Kannada writers Kuvempu, Gopalakrishna Adiga and U. R. Ananthamurthy were educated in Mysuru and served as professors at the Mysore University. R. K. Narayan, a popular English-language novelist and creator of the fictional town of Malgudi, and his cartoonist brother R. K. Laxman spent much of their life in Mysore.
Mysore is connected by List of National Highways in India NH-212 to the state border town of Gundlupet, where the road forks into the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. State Highway 17 (Karnataka), which connects Mysore to Bangalore, was upgraded to a four-lane highway in 2006, reducing travel time between the two cities. A project was planned in 1994 to construct a Bangalore-Mysore Infrastructure Corridor to connect Bangalore and Mysore. After numerous legal hurdles, it remains unfinished . State Highway 33 and National Highway 275 (India) which connect Mysore to H D Kote and Mangalore respectively. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and other private agencies operate buses both within the city and between cities. A new division of KSRTC called Mysore City Transport Corporation (MCTC) has been proposed. Within the city, buses are cheap and popular means of transport, auto-rickshaws are also available and ''tonga (carriage)'' (horse-drawn carriages) are popular with tourists.Mysore also has a long Mysore Ring Road that is being upgraded to six lanes by the Mysore Urban Development Authority. Mysore has implemented Intelligent transportation system to manage its city buses and ferrying commuters.
A public bicycle sharing system, Trin-Trin, funded partially by the United Nations is popular mode of transport. It is a government project. The key objective of TrinTrin is to encourage local commuters, as well as visitors, to use the bicycle in preference to motorized modes of travel and thereby help scale down the multifarious environmental and road-traffic hazards, enhance conveyance convenience, and make local daily commutes economical for the common citizen.
Mysore railway station has three lines, connecting it to Bengaluru, Mangalore, and Chamarajanagar. The first railway line established in the city was the Bengaluru-Mysuru Junction metre gauge line, which was commissioned in 1882. Railway lines that connect the city to Chamarajanagara and Mangalore are unelectrified Single track (rail) and the track that connects to Bengaluru is electrified double track. Mysore Railway Junction comes under the jurisdiction of South Western Railway Zone. Within the city limits of Mysuru, there are two small stations in the line which connects Chamarajanagara. They are Ashokapuram railway station and Chamarajapuram railway station. Trains run from Mysore Junction railway station to Bangalore City railway station every ten minutes. The fastest train to serve the city is the Shatabdi Express.
Mysore Airport is a domestic airport and is located about 10 kilometers south of the centre of the city. It was built by the kings of Mysuru in early 1940s. As of , the nearest International airport is Kannur International Airport in Kannur which lies about 168 kilometres away from Mysuru city.
Newspaper publishing in Mysore started in 1859 when Bhashyam Bhashyacharya began publishing a weekly newspaper in Kannada called the ''Mysooru Vrittanta Bodhini'', the first of a number of weekly newspapers published in the following three decades. Many local newspapers are published in Mysore and carry news mostly related to the city and its surroundings, and national and regional dailies in English and Kannada are available, as in the other parts of the state. Sudharma, the only Indian daily newspaper in Sanskrit, is published in Mysore.
Mysore was the location of the first private radio broadcasting station in India when ''Akashavani'' (voice from the sky) was established in the city on 10 September 1935 by M.V. Gopalaswamy, a professor of psychology, at his house in the Vontikoppal area of Mysore, using a 50-watt transmitter. The station was taken over by the princely state of Mysore in 1941 and was moved to Bangalore in 1955. In 1957, ''Akashvani'' was chosen as the official name of All India Radio (AIR), the radio broadcaster of the Government of India. The AIR station at Mysore broadcasts an FM radio channel at 100.6 MHz, and Gyan Vani broadcasts on 105.6. BIG FM 92.7, Radio Mirchi 104.8 and Red FM 93.5 are the three private FM channels operating in the city.
Mysore started receiving television broadcasts in the early 1980s, when Doordarshan (Public broadcasting of the Indian government) started broadcasting its national channel all over India. This was the only channel available to Mysoreans until STAR TV (Asia) started satellite channels in 1991. Direct-to-home channels are now available in Mysore.
The Wodeyar kings of Mysore were patrons of games and sports. King Krishnaraja Wodeyar III had a passion for indoor games. He invented new board games and popularised the ''ganjifa'' card game. Malla-yuddha (traditional wrestling) has a history in Mysore dating back to the 16th century. The wrestling competition held in Mysore during the ''Dasara'' celebrations attracts wrestlers from all over India. An annual sports meeting is organised there during the ''Dasara'' season too.
In 1997 Mysore and Bangalore co-hosted the city's biggest sports event ever, the National Games of India. Mysore was the venue for six sports: archery, gymnastics, equestrianism, handball, table tennis and wrestling. Cricket is by far the most popular sport in Mysore. The city has five established cricket grounds. Javagal Srinath, who represented India for several years as its frontline fast bowling, comes from Mysore. Other prominent sportsmen from the city are Prahlad Srinath, who has represented India in Davis Cup tennis tournaments; Reeth Abraham, a national champion in the heptathlon and a long jump record holder; Sagar Kashyap, the youngest Indian to officiate at the Wimbledon Championships; and Rahul Ganapathy, a national amateur golf champion. The Mysore race course hosts a racing season each year from August through October. India's first Hostelling International was formed in the Maharaja's College Hostel in 1949.
Mysore is a major tourist destination in its own right and serves as a base for other tourist attractions in the vicinity. The city receives many tourists during the ten-day ''Dasara'' festival. One of the most visited monuments in India, the Amba Vilas Palace,
Mysore Palace, is the centre of the ''Dasara'' festivities. The Jaganmohana Palace, The Sand Sculpture Museum the Jayalakshmi Vilas and the Lalitha Mahal are other palaces in the city. Chamundeshwari Temple, atop the Chamundi Hills, and St. Philomena's Church, Mysore, Wesley's Cathedral are notable religious places in Mysore. the Karanji, Kukkarahalli and the Blue Lagoon Lake are popular recreational destinations. Blue Lagoon which is a lake with a mini island is located behind KRS water Dam and it is very mesmerising to be there and watch the sunset and sunrise. The colour of the water and the sky is Blue and there is a mini island in the middle due to which it was named as Blue Lagoon. Mysuru has the Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, the Folk Lore Museum Mysore, the Railway Museum Mysore and the Oriental Research Institute Mysore. The city is a centre for yoga as exercise-related health tourism that attracts domestic and foreign visitors, particularly those who, for years, came to study with the late Ashtanga vinyasa yoga guru K. Pattabhi Jois.
A short distance from Mysuru city is the neighbouring Mandya District's Krishna Raja Sagara and the adjoining Brindavan Gardens, where a musical fountain show is held every evening. Places of historic importance close to Mysore are Mandya District's Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna. And other historical places are Somanathapura and Group of temples at Talakad, Karnataka. Bandipur National Park and Mudumalai National Park, which are sanctuaries for gaur, chital, elephants, tigers, leopards and other threatened species, lie between to the south. Other tourist spots near Mysuru include the religious locations of Nanjanagud and Bylakuppe and the waterfalls at neighbouring districts of Mandya's Shivanasamudra.
, Chowdiah, Pioneer of the seven-string Violin, Sangeetha Kalanidhi, Sabu Dastagir, Hollywood Actor, inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Vasundhara Doraswamy, Bharatanatyam Exponent and Teacher, Vikas Gowda, Olympian, discus thrower and shot putter, Commonwealth Games Gold-Medallist, B. K. S. Iyengar, Yoga as exercise Expert, Padma Vibhushan, Doraiswamy Iyengar, Veena exponent, Padma Bhushan, Sangeetha Kalanidhi, N. R. Narayana Murthy, industrialist, co-founder of Infosys, Padma Vibhushan, V. K. Murthy, cinematographer, Dada Saheb Phalke Award Winner, Mysore brothers, Violin maestros and music composers, comprising Mysore Manjunath and Mysore Nagaraj, R. K. Narayan, writer, Padma Vibhushan, Javagal Srinath, former cricketer and current International Cricket Council Match referee, Mysore Vasudevachar, musician and composer, Padma Bhushan,Gita Gopinath, Chief economist, International Monetary Fund
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